|Rome declines . . . final
legionary goes (~ 409) . . . 'King' Arthur? . . . 'pin-prick' attacks across
North Sea (early 5th century) . . . 'British' lands fragment to local authority
of sorts (by ~420) . . . concerted attacks / incursion of Angles, Saxon, Jutes,
Frisians from mid-5th century to far SE (~449/450) . . . by ~480, East Anglia,
lower Thames Valley & the Weald under 'Saxon' authority . . . 'Britons'
(romanized or not) dominant in the 'west & north': (Cornwall, Wales,
Ireland, southern Scotland etc.) where Christianity thrives . . . Picts &
Irish attack elsewhere . . . British / Welsh cross Channel to Britanny (Bretons
~ 450) . . . early 6th century (~530) Irish (or 'Scots') crossed from Ireland
to occupy western Scotland & the Clyde valley - hence the roots of that
latter country's name . . . "Anglo-Saxons" fully settled &
dominant from mid-6th century all eastern England (though as a series of small
warring kingdoms), and much of modern England by late 6th & through 7th
century . . . Northumbria dominates north by 626 . . . fragmented 'kingdoms'
further south until 'Mercia' arises by ~642 . . . Northumbria - Mercia rivalry
thereafter . . . Saxon settlements villages of wood (or wattle / daub) around a
central wooden hall . . .